Democracy in Ethiopia: Can it be Saved?

Democracy in Ethiopia: Can it be Saved?

Democracy in Ethiopia: Can it be Saved?

On Thursday March 9, 2017, in front of a large crowd of Ethiopians, US Congressman Chris Smith (NJ) convened a hearing on the current situation in Ethiopia entitled ‘Democracy Under Threat in Ethiopia.’ (AP photo)

(US Congressman Chris Smith) – On Thursday, March 9, 2017, afternon, in front of a large crowd of Ethiopian citizens concerned about repression in their homeland, Rep. Chris Smith (NJ-04) convened a hearing to look at the appalling human rights record of the Ethiopian government and discuss what could be done to help those who are suffering at the hands of this regime.

According to the State Department’s newly released Human Rights Report on Ethiopia, security forces killed ‘hundreds’ in the context of using excessive force against protestors in 2016,” said Smith, Chairman of the Africa Subcommittee. “In addition, there are at least 10,000 more people held in jail who are considered political prisoners, and the government continues to arrest and imprison critics of its actions.  In late February, Ethiopian prosecutors charged Dr. Merera Gudina, chairman of the Oromo Federalist Congress with attempting to ‘disrupt constitutional order.’ He was arrested upon his return to Ethiopia after testifying in November at a European parliament hearing about the crisis in his country.” Click Here to Smith’s Full Statement.

Despite holding regular elections, a tradition of authoritarian rule continues to strangle the advancement of democracy in Ethiopia. Through violence and elections that were deemed “unfair” by U.S. and European monitors, a single party has dominated the legislature for over two decades. The violent crackdown on any opposition intensified in 2015 as protests by the Oromo and Amhara grew, with tens of thousands being arrested and Prime Minister Desalegn announcing that the number of protestors killed “could be more than 500.”

In January, two journalists from the faith-based station Radio Bilal, Khalid Mohamed and Darsema Sori, were sentenced to 5 and 4 year prison terms respectively for “inciting extremist ideology and planning to overthrow the government” through their coverage of Muslim protests about government interference in religious affairs. The journalists were arrested in February 2015 and convicted in December of that year under the 2009 anti-terrorism law alongside 18 other defendants.

This oppression is preventable,” said Smith. “Rather than spend hundreds of thousands on consultants to try to mislead Members of Congress on the facts and inciting e-mail form letter campaigns by supporters, the Government of Ethiopia can acknowledge their challenges and work with the U.S. government and others in the international community to seek reasonable solutions.  We are prepared to help once they are ready to face the ugly truth of what has happened and what continues to happen in Ethiopia today.”

The hearing followed the introduction of House Resolution 128, which offers an outline to bring Ethiopia back onto the path towards democracy. This resolution is designed to promote democracy and good governance in Ethiopia and, among other key provisions, condemns the actions of the Government of Ethiopia and calls on the Secretary of State to improve the oversight and accountability of U.S. assistance in Ethiopia.

Terrence Lyons, Associate Professor at George Mason University, noted the extreme control the regime has over the media: “Following the 2005 elections and subsequent crackdown, the regime successfully expanded and institutionalized its system of authoritarian control, virtually eliminating independent space for opposition political parties, civil society organizations, and non-state media. The EPRDF controls mass organizations for women and youth, humanitarian and development organizations, and large economic enterprises.” Click Here to read Lyons’ Full Statement.

Felix Horne, Senior Researcher for the Horn of Africa at Human Rights Watch said, “The state systematically ensures that many of the country’s 100 million citizens are dependent on the government for their livelihoods, food security and economic future.” Click Here to read Horne’s Full Statement.

The President of the Coalition of Oromo Advocates for Human Rights and Democracy, Seenaa Jimjimo, explained the strife within Ethiopia, “Today…people are afraid to speak and exercise basic rights guaranteed by the constitution. Under the codename of “State of Emergency” a husband watches his wife and daughters get raped, sons taken away or killed. I myself have lived under terror and being watched and beaten by this government.” Click Here to read Jimjimo’s Full Statement.

Tewodrose G. Tirfe, a Board Member at the Amhara Association of America, highlighted the plight faced by the Amhara people, “As stated in the 2007 Ethiopian Census that was released in 2010, the Amhara population was short by 2.5 million. A debate was not even allowed in parliament when this fact was presented. Some estimates have the number now closer to 5 million. We believe there has been a systematic effort by the government to depopulate the Amhara population.” Click Here to read Tirfe’s Full Statement.

Guyaa Abaguya Deki, a Representative for the Torture Abolition and Survivors Support Coalition and a Polio survivor, gave his personal experience with the Ethiopian Government, “They picked me up in a taxi. The driver punched me in my mouth with his pistol, and I lost my two lower teeth. They kept me for three days in solitary confinement in a tiny dark cell. I had to crawl on the ground outside the cell to lift myself up to get to the toilet. And I was only allowed to go to the toilet twice a day. My hands were tied to a chair and my mouth was wrapped up with dirty wet socks.” Click Here to read Deki’s Full Statement.

Deacon Yoseph R. Tafari spoke about the religious persecution going on in Ethiopia, “Ethiopia is ruled by a minority ethnic regime which has brought about highly destructive governance by perpetually marginalizing and terrorizing other ethnic group and religious groups by pitting one against the other.” Click Here to read Tafari’s Full Statement.

Smith has held four hearings on Ethiopia with the first, “Ethiopia and Eritrea: Promoting Stability, Democracy and Human Rights,” was held more than a decade ago in 2005.

Witnesses
Panel I
Terrence Lyons, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution
George Mason University
[full text of statement] [truth in testimony form]

Mr. Felix Horne
Senior Researcher
Horn of Africa
Human Rights Watch
[full text of statement] [truth in testimony form]

Panel II
Ms. Seenaa Jimjimo
President
Coalition of Oromo Advocates for Human Rights and Democracy
[full text of statement] [truth in testimony form]

Mr. Tewodrose Tirfe
Co-Founder
Amhara Association of America
[full text of statement] [truth in testimony form]

Mr. Guya Abaguya Deki
Representative
Torture Abolition and Survivors Support Coalition
[full text of statement] [truth in testimony form]

Mr. Yoseph Tafari
Co-Founder
Ethiopian Drought Relief Aid of Colorado
[full text of statement] [truth in testimony form]

4 Responses to Democracy in Ethiopia: Can it be Saved?

  1. Jabadha Lola March 13, 2017 at 7:37 pm #

    Dear Moderator,

    I like the views expressed on this website about our people. I do not see some of my previous comments from today as well as the last couple of days being posted.

    Some of the views expressed could be controversial. That is healthy. As nobody has a monopoly of knowledge, please have the comments released so that we can learn from each other. I have been expecting challenges on some of my views regarding various issues. I do not see a challenge. Please allow active debates on this website in order to have a lively discussion.
    That could attract more people to this website like the ones I have observed on other websites, Thanks.

  2. ossanaa bungul March 15, 2017 at 1:56 am #

    Democracy in Ethiopia. Can it be saved?
    There have never been a spirit of democracy all through out the history of this empire ever since its forcefull creation in the last quarter of the 19th Century. What this last and dirty group of greedy habesha brought with them is looting, killing, rape torture and all human rights violation against all non Tigre and in particular the unimaginable human sufferings against the Oromo Nation
    Time may be not far away when they start paying the pain this worst group has been inflicting on our innocent people. As a matter of fact however, No one is in a postion to escape the inevitable law of nature. That is “Harvesting what ever one has been sowing” The so smart Tigrees sowed quite a lot! What they will HARVEST shall truely be far far more than that!! Are the Tigrees aware of the inevitable???!! May be NOT!!

  3. whitestar March 15, 2017 at 8:24 am #

    The constant insult against our intellengence never stops here. What democracy are they talking?, Headline should have been “The dictatorship in utopia, can it be saved?”

    Wallah! we should hire PR agent ourselves like TPLF is doing.

  4. Jabadha Lola March 15, 2017 at 7:11 pm #

    Thanks to Congressman Chris Smith for holding the hearing. Thanks also to him and his colleagues who co-sponsored House Resolution 128.

    The two expert witnesses and others who testified at the hearing deserve our thanks as well.

    Ms. Seena Jimjimo did raise some important issues of concern about our people, the Oromos. However, a person named Albert (who attended the meeting) said: “She should not have left out the major massacred carried out by TPLF at irrecha; the genocide by Somali Liyu police in Eastern Oromo; Forcing the mother to sit on her son’s dead body in Western Oromia by TPLF forces, etc., paraphrased.”

    I do appreciate Ms. Seena’s presence as the only woman among all other male experts (2) and witnesses.

    She has powerful personal testimonies that should be appreciated.
    I do not understand why Wakefanna (out of all Oromo religions) was mentioned at the hearing. Rep. Chris Smith is a Catholic. She has a right to believe or not to have a belief in anything. Is it really helpful to Oromo cause to mention Wakeffanna at the hearing?

    How about the issue of gender inequality in Oromo society? Should not this important issue be addressed by Oromo society to have a proper solution instead of publicizing it to the international community that we should persuade to come for our help as our people are continuously subjected to untold sufferings?

    I do not want to be over critical. As there is always room for improvement, we should discuss among ourselves to use every opportunity we may get to present our people’s untold sufferings to the international community in the best way possible to save our people from annihilation.

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