HRLHA press release

HRLHA: State of Emergencey as Systematic State Repression in Ethiopia

HRLHA  Press Release

The  March 2014 Oromo student protests, which began at Jima University and spread quickly to Ambo University then in a few days to all universities, colleges, high schools and elementary schools in Oromia and continued for two months, captured the attention of the world community for the first time.  In those two months, over 81 Oromos, mostly university students, were killed and thousands detained by the crackdown on the protest by Agazi force  and  silenced.  After  eighteen months, the protest flared up again on  November 12, 2015  in Ginchi Town in Western Showa 80 km south of the capital city.   Since then, Oromia has remained in a human rights and humanitarian crisis. The Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa (HRLHA) lists table1over 2000 Oromo deaths, thousands of disappearances and tens of thousands of detentions. Many more thousands have left their homes behind and are now living in forests in order to escape the TPLF sponsored killing squads.

To calm the peoples’ anger- after indiscriminate shootings  from both the ground and the air of innocent Oromos at the Irrecha festival in Bishoftu on October 2, 2016- the government declared a state of emergency on October 8, 2016

Since the State of Emergency was declared, millions of  Oromo civilians across Oromia, including children, have been forced to endure a life of hardship under siege .

Oromo civilians of all walks of life continue to be at the receiving end of frequent indiscriminate attacks by the TPLF  government killing force Agazi every day. Killings, rapings and the looting of money and valuables  are common; every day people’s houses are broken into by government forces. The killing squad Agazi  force  also continues to commit other grave violations, including war crimes such as indiscriminate killings, arbitrary detentions, torture, enforced disappearances and extrajudicial executions in Amhara  region and Konso zone in Southern people regional state.

According to the HRLHA informants, many Oromo youths have gone missing on a daily basis from their homes, workplaces and universities. Oromos missing from West Shewa districts are listed in table 1. About 149 people from Debre Markos town  Gojjam zone  in  Amhara regional state (307 km distance from Addis Ababa)   have been detained in Maikelawi Adis Ababa according to HRLHA’s informants.

The following are among the many Oromos detained in Showa zones, Central Oromia  by TPLF forces in November 2016

table2

Though it is difficult to obtain information from Ethiopia due to the government’s suspension of all information outlets including Facebook, the Internet and others,  HRLHA’s documentation provide fresh evidence that  group exterminations are taking place at night in Oromia. For example, on November 6, 2016 at 5:00 am, three brothers- Marabu Jamalo, Abdissa Jamalo and Tola Jamalo- were killed in cold blood by the TPLF killing squad Agazi force  in their home in Easter Arsi Zone in Shirka district. Their father Mr. Jamalo Hussein said “my children have been killed by the fascist government killing squad, Agazi, not because they stole or did  anything wrong,  but only because they are  Oromos”. Such crimes are widespread all over Oromia and Amhara regional states, especially at night, and are being perpetrated on an ever-increasing scale and as part of the State of Emergency policy. There is also  evidence of the government targeting special groups such as youth, educated citizens and journalists.

One Response to HRLHA: State of Emergencey as Systematic State Repression in Ethiopia

  1. ብስራት አክሊሉ , ከተመድ አሜሪካን November 20, 2016 at 5:03 pm #

    .በኦሮሚያ ክልል ባለፈው አመት የተቀሰቀሰውን ህዝባዊ ተቃውሞ ተከትሎ የኢትዮጵያ የግብርና እድገት ከመቶ በመቶ በላይ ማሽቆልቆሉ ተገለጸ።የአለም ባንክ ኢትዮጵያ ባጋጠማት የውጭ ምንዛሪ እጥረትና የውጭ ንግድ ማሽቆልቆል ምክንያት አቶ ሃይለማሪያም ደሳለንን ሲገፅፅ ቆይቷል።

    በወቅታዊ ሃገራዊ ጉዳዮች ዙሪያ መቀመጫቸውን በአዲስ አበባ ካደረጉ የውጭ ሃገርና አለም አቀፍ ተወካዮች ጋር ውይይትን ያካሄዱ የመንግስት ባለስልጣናት ባለፈው አመት በኢኮኖሚያዊ መዋቅራዊ ሽግግር ዙሪያ ከፍተኛ ችግር ማጋጠሙን አረጋግጠዋል።

    ባለፉት 10 አመታት ሶስት በመቶ ሲያድግ ነበር የተባለው የግብርና ዕድገቱ ወደ 0 በመቶ ማሽቆልቆሉን ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሃይለማሪያም ደሳለኝ አስታውቀዋል።

    ለአንድ አመት ያህል በኦሮሚያ ክልል ሲካሄድ የቆየው ህዝባዊ ተቃውሞ በሃገሪቱ የውጭ ንግድ ላይ ከፍተኛ ውጭ ምንዛሪ ማስመዝገቡን የምጣኔ ሃብት ባለሙያዎች ሲገልጹ ቆይተዋል።

    በተለይ የግብርና ዘርፉ ክፉኛ ጉዳት እንደደረሰበት የሚናገሩት ባለሙያዎች ወደ ተለያዩ ሃገራት ሊላኩ የነበሩ የግብርና ምርቶች በተጠበቀው መጠንና እቅድ ሊቀርብ አለመቻሉን አስረድተዋል።

    የግብርና ዕድገት ከሶስት በመቶ እድገት በላይ ማሽቆልቆሉን ይፋ ያደረጉት ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሃይለማሪያም ደሳለኝ በተቃራኒው የኢንዱስትሪና የአገልግሎት ዘርፉ በ20 እና በ11 በመቶ እድገት አስመዝግቧል ማለታቸውን የመንግስት መገናኛ ብዙሃን ዘግበዋል።

    ይሁንና በሃገሪቱ ያለው ፖለቲካው ውጥረትና አለመረጋጋት በኢኮኖሚው ላይ ካደረሰ ተፅዕኖ በተጨማሪ የውጭ ባለሃብቶች ኢንቨስትመንታቸው ለማጤን እንደተገደዱ የብሪታኒያው ኢንዲፔንደት ጋዜጣ በቅርቡ መዘገቡ ይታወሳል።

    የምጣኔ ሃብት ባለሙያዎች በበኩላቸው በሃገሪቱ ያለው የፖለቲካ ውጥረት በኢንቨስትመንት ፍሰቱ ላይ አሉታዊ ተፅዕኖን እያሳደረ እንደሚገኝ ይገልጻሉ።

    በዚሁ ጉዳይ ላይ ምላሽን የሰጡት ጠቅላይ ሚንስትሩ የዘንድሮው የኢንቨስትመንት ፍሰት የተሻለ እንደሚሆን ይገመታል ሲሉ ተናግረዋል።

    መንግስት አጠቃላይ የሃገሪቱ የኢኮኖሚ እድገት ባለሁለት አሃዝ ያድጋል ሲል ቢቆይም በተጠናቀቀው የ2008 በጀት አመት የኢትዮጵያ የግብርና እድገት መቶ በመቶ ማሽቆልቆሉ ተገለጸ

    ይሁንና የአለም ባንክ ኢትዮጵያ ባጋጠማት የውጭ ምንዛሪ እጥረትና የውጭ ንግድ ማሽቆልቆል ምክንያት የኢኮኖሚ እድገቱ አቶ ሃይለማሪያም ደሳለንን ሲገፅፅ ቆይቷል።

    ሃገሪቱ ኢኮኖሚያዊ እድገቱን ለማስጠበቅ አፋጣኝ የፖሊሲ ማሻሻያዎችን ተግባራዊ ማድረግን እንዳለበት የአለም ባንክን ጨምሮ የተለያዩ አለም አቀፍ የገንዘብ ተቋማት በማሳሰብ ላይ ናቸው።

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